Libyan leaders commit to ceasefire, elections

  • Dominika Jandová
  • 27.7.2017 04:49

Prime Minister of the Government of National Accord (GNA) Fayez al-Sarraj and Libyan National Army General (LNA) Khalifa Haftar committed to a ceasefire on Tuesday 25 July. The two rival Libyan leaders agreed to form a unity government and hold parliamentary and presidential elections next year during a meeting in Paris with the assistance of French President Emmanuel Macron.

This French initiative is perceived negatively by Italy, who had previously taken the lead in efforts to bring peace to its former colony and wanted to be consulted on such negotiations. The truce in Libya will, however, be limited since both sides will continue to fight radical Islamists and terrorist groups. The end of the conflict in Libya and the stabilisation of the country is crucial to reducing migration across the Mediterranean Sea. Experts are currently sceptical about the success of the ceasefire. The GNA's support in Libya is weak, compared to growing power and support for Haftar, who controls two-thirds of the country. Haftar has so far not been willing to share power and will now have to persuade the Tobruk-based House of Representatives to agree with the deal. Due to current varying escalations of clashes, particularly for oil terminals, and previous breaks of peace talks, there are real concerns that, despite this political breakthrough, the ceasefire could be broken. Moreover, neither of the parties is able to completely prevent fighting between militias and armed groups.

About author: Dominika Jandová

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