Estonia, Denmark and Romania: EU countries with lowest energy imports

According to 2016 data released by Eurostat on Friday, 20 April, Estonia (6.8%), Denmark (13.9%), Romania (22.3%), Poland (30.3%), and Sweden (31.9%) were the top five EU countries with the smallest share of energy imports. 

At the other of this spectrum, Malta (100%), Cyprus (96.2%), Luxembourg (96.1%), Italy (77.5%), Lithuania (77.4%) and Belgium (76.0%) were the countries importing the largest share of their domestic consumption. EU's largest economy and driving economic force of the bloc, Germany is also heavily dependent (63.5%) on energy imports, and its plans to go through with the North Stream 2 pipeline will, in this regard, increase its dependence on Russia who is known to use energy exports as leverage in order to secure geopolitical leverage. The image depicted by the 2016 Eurostat data has since then been (or is about to be) subject to a certain degree of change due to factors such as the 8.1% increase of Gazprom's export in 2017 compared to the previous year, the import and/or growing demand for LNG in countries like Finland, Lithuania, Croatia, as well as energy infrastructure projects such as the the TAP, Romanian-Hungarian or Franco-Spanish energy cooperation designs, the EastMed Pipeline from Israel, and by EU's efforts to deepen integration in the energy sphere.

About author: Mihai Turcanu

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